To be able to explain the factors that will influence the development of our dog’s behaviour, it is convenient to analyze what are the stages of its development, this will help us understand it better.
Stages of the development of the dog:
Prenatal: From fertilization until birth.
Newborn: From birth to 2 weeks.
Transition: 2 to 3 weeks.
Socialization: From 3 to 12 weeks.
Juvenile: 3 to 8 months.
Adult: 8 to 12 months.
Maturity: 1-2 years.
Even before birth, already there are stimuli that are involved in the development of the future puppy, at this stage thePrenatal stage, one of the factors to take into account is the State of stress which is subjected to the mother, and can affect the puppy after birth with a problem of behavior such as hyperactivity or reducing their learning ability.
When the puppy is born, in the Neonatal stage, is now directly exposed to stimuli from the environment despite being born with the senses of sight and hearing without developing. It is the sense of smell that helps the puppy at this stage to create ties with the mother, essential for their proper development and also with the humans. We must achieve a balance between stress and the manipulation of the puppy, for this reason and in order to lay the foundations of a proper relationship with humans, we recommend to have contact with the puppy despite to submit to the mother and the puppies of the litter to certain levels of stress. In this period, it is also important to respect the time of sleep of the puppies and not pass hunger or cold, this circumstance we will realize quickly, because puppies do not stop crying until this situation has been restored.
We have the shortest stage, the Stage of transition, this is one of the least appropriate times to separate the puppies from their mother. A fast motor maturation occurs in this period and of the senses, so in some texts we find it referred to as “Phase of the Awakening”. At this time, the puppy begins to explore the immediate vicinity of the nest and if leave you enough space, will try to make bowel movements out of this. Here begins to forge the famous task: how to get that puppy does not make bowel movements inside House?
With all this we arrived at the most important stage, the Stage of socialization, it is said that in this period the puppy has the window to new experiences open fully and if does not seize it enough will lose this opportunity since it will go by slowly closing. Therefore, you should start a career by giving to our puppy all possible experiences.
Here arises us another question: when is the appropriate age to take the puppy home? The answer is different, depending on the Kennel where we choose the puppy. Let’s clarify this answer; on the basis of which should not be never before the 6th week of life, if the breeder is doing things properly (having the puppy with the mother and siblings of litter and is showing stimuli such as children, babies, adults, the online dog trainer review, other animals, sounds, lights, sound of music, television and car noises, varied objects) (, different textures to step on, etc.) We should not be any hurry to take us to the puppy, in fact probably is socializing him better than we could do it. Recent studies in this sense we are warned that there is a period critic between the 8th and the 10th week, that if our puppy have traumatic experiences, is more difficult that can manage them correctly, and may cause behavior problems associated with fear. On the other hand, if we took the puppy from a farm or shop is tucked into an enclosure reduced without leave and without having any kind of experience, in addition to remove him as soon as possible, must take into account probably touch us more work due to socialize him and that time plays against us (only have up to three months of age will start to dominate the fear about the curiosity in the puppy). In some books we can find that the socialization period just four months, this would help us to having a little more than time to provide experiences, but if we have scientific studies that place this period between the third week of life and the doceava, why risk us? It not be better to make sure the puppy giving all possible experiences before the third month?
The time comes to talk about another typical question: with what age I can get the puppy to the street? The answer in this case would as soon as possible. Always recommended to take into account periods of vaccination, that is why we have to reach an agreement with the veterinarian and find a balance between physical and mental health of our dog. Without statistical details, we can say without risk of mistakes too that currently many dogs slaughtered by behavioral problems, such as disease die when they are puppies. We must be advised by our veterinarian, the will tell us the places of greatest risk that we must avoid, for example places where we can find dogs that are not controlled, sanitary, depositions of other dogs or cats, etc. But in general, we try to get the puppy to the street even in our arms and seek out opportunities to present to all the neighbors and possible family. And for those who still believe that the puppy at home is safe from all: remember to sterilize your whole body, including clothing and footwear before having contact with your puppy, if they come from the street and much more if they have cherished to another dog.
There is a very good quote from a specialist in animal behavior, which helps us to understand the importance of this period: “the socialization is the vaccine of behavioral problems”.
In the next stage, the Juvenile stage, we must continue to reinforce all the work done in the previous stage and if we found that our puppy has particular difficulty with any situation, we must do more emphasis on this aspect, otherwise he might consolidate as a behavioral problem.
The Adult stage may be a period of uncertainty for the owner, to coincide with the sexual maturity, can be seen in our dog behaviors that we had not seen before. A dog does not change from night to morning, but behaviors like start to lift the leg to urinate (sometimes in places that are not suitable), marking of urine in females, mov copulatorios, signs of tension in the relationship with other dogs… that can be really disconcerting.
Finally, we find the Maturity stage, here we will continue strengthening the work started at the beginning of the life of the dog obedience and education, to be prevented before signs of tension that take its maximum expression.
If we have managed to reach the two years life of our dog taking into account all of the suggestions, congratulations and continue enjoying your partner at least another ten years more!